japan s efforts of using satellite remote sensing for the

Japans efforts of using satellite remote sensing for the prediction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Japans efforts of using satellite remote sensing for the prediction of infectious diseases 28 August, 2013 MEDGEO2013, ISPRS Earth Observing Data and Tools for Health Studies Hilton Crystal City Hotel Tamotsu IGARASHI 1) , Shinichi SOBUE 2)

  1. Japan’s efforts of using satellite remote sensing for the prediction of infectious diseases 28 August, 2013 MEDGEO2013, ISPRS Earth Observing Data and Tools for Health Studies Hilton Crystal City Hotel Tamotsu IGARASHI 1) , Shinichi SOBUE 2) , Aya YAMAMOTO 1) Kazuhide YAMAMOTO 3) , Kei OYOSHI 3) and Toru FUKUDA 3) 1) Research and Development Department, RESTEC 2) Planning Department, RESTEC 3) Earth Observation Research Center, JAXA 1

  2. Japan’s Efforts • JAXA’s Space Programs • Prediction of infectious diseases – JAXA-Nagasaki University: Malaria and Cholera in Kenya – JAXA-Shibaura Institute of Technology: Remote sensing applied for a study geographical pathology for the relationships between malaria epidemic – JAXA Mini-Project: Risk Map of Japanese Encephalitis (JE) in Mid and Far Western Region of Nepal • MEXT Green Network of Excellence (GRENE) (FY2011-2015) 2

  3. Long-Term Plan of Earth Observation Projects of JAXA Launch in JFY ~2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 [ Optical radiom eter] MOS-1, ADEOS Disa isast sters & s & (87~ 95) (96~ 97) ALOS-2 SAR Resour urces ces ALOS/PALSAR [Land and Disaster monitoring] [ Optical sensor, ALOS "DAICHI" Synthetic Aperture ALOS/PRISM AVNIR2 Rader] ALOS-3 Optical JERS-1 (92~ 98) TRMM/ PR GPM/ DPR [ Precipitation Rader] Clima Cl mate TRMM PR (97~ ) [Precipitation] Cha hang nge Aqua/ AMSR-E [ Microw ave radiom eter] [Wind, SST , Water vapor] Aqua GCOM-W2 MOS-1(87~ 95) GCOM-W1 " SHIZUKU" / AMSR2 W ater Cycle ADEOS2/ AMSR(2003 [Vegetation, aerosol, cloud, SST, ocean color] [ Optical radiom eter] GCOM-C1/ SGLI MOS-1, ADEOS 250m, mult i-angle, polarizat ion (87~ 95) (96~ 97) ADEOS2/ GLI Clim ate [Cloud and Aerosol 3D structure] Change [ Cloud profiling EarthCARE/ CPR radar] [ Spectrom eter] GOSAT "IBUKI" Greenhouse [CO 2, Methane] ADEOS/ ILAS [CO 2, Methane] gases (96~97) GOSAT-2 (TBD) ADEOS2/ ILAS2 Mission S t at us Ext ension On orbit Phase B~ Phase A

  4. Earth Observation Projects • GCOM-W1 “SHIZUKU” is in operation after one year since the launch on May 18 2012. • Forthcoming satellites/Sensors dedicated to monitor the Earth globally: • ALOS-2 will be launched in JFY 2013. • GPM/DPR will be launched in JFY2014. • GCOM-C1 will be launched in JFY2015. • EarthCARE/CPR will be launched in JFY2015. • ALOS-3 will be launched in JFY 2016.

  5. Global Change Observation Mission • GCOM is to construct and verify EO system enabling global earth observations producing effective parameters elucidating climate change, water cycle. • GCOM is consisted with 2 satellite series (GCOM-W and C), 3 generations to perform consistent and sustained global observations for 13 years. GCOM-W1 “SHIZUKU” GCOM-C1 Type : Sun-synchronous, sub-recurrent Type : Sun-synchronous, sub-recurrent Altitude : 699.6 km Altitude : 798 km Orbit Inclination : 98.19 degrees Inclination : 98.6 degrees Local time of ascending node : 13:30 Local time of ascending node : 10:30 Satellite overview Mission life 5 years Launch vehicle H2A launch vehicle 1940kg (AMSR2 404 kg) 2020 kg (SGLI 480 kg included) Mass AMSR 2 (improved AMSR-E) Second Generation Global Imager Instrument (SGLI, improved GLI ) Launch In operation since one year after the JFY2015 (target) launch on May 18 2012

  6. GCOM-C products and SGLI design GCOM-C product s and S GLI channels VNR channels IRS channels Blue Green Red Yellow Specifications of SGLI, such as center wavelengths, band width, SNR, and dynamic range, are designed in consideration of retrieval algorithms of the observation targets .

  7. Examples of expected GCOM-C product VNR 250m land and coastal observation 250m Ocean color chlorophyll-a and NDVI simulat ed using GLI 250m channels (a) GLI 1km Osaka Bay (b) GLI 250m Osaka Bay (1 Oct. 2003, CHL by LCI) (1 Oct. 2003, CHL by LCI) SGLI 250m resolution will enable to detect more fine structure in the coastal area such as river outflow, regional blooms, and small current. Hiroshi Murakami, Mitsuhiro Toratani and Haj ime Fukushima, Satellite ocean color observation with 250 m spatial resolution using ADEOS-II GLI , Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment, Proceedings of SPIE, Volume 6406-05, Nov. 28, 2006

  8. Examples of expected GCOM-C product Thermal infrared 500m land and coastal observation • The 500m and 1000m spatial resolution thermal infrared images are simulated using AS TER data (original resolution is 90m) (Tokyo Bay in the night on August 4, 2003). • S GLI 500m-resolut ion t hermal infrared channels will enable det ect ion of fine st ruct ures such as land and coast al surface t emperat ure influenced by t he cit y and t he river flows.

  9. Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT), Ibuki GOSAT enables global (with 56,000 points) and frequent (at every 3 days) monitoring CO 2 and CH 4 column density. (Launched in Jan 2009) Current Ground-based Observation Points T ANSO- F T S (320pts) Provided by WMO WDCGG T ANSO- CAI (F our ie r T r ansfor m (Cloud and Spe c tr ome te r ) Ae r osol Image r ) Increase of Observation Points using GOSAT (56,000pts)

  10. GOSAT CO 2 global distributions in spring and summer CO 2 column density [ppm] CO 2 column density decreases from April to July in the Northern Hemisphere because of photosynthesis. CO 2 high density CO 2 low density CO 2 column density [ppm] 1

  11. Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission • TRMM is ; US-Japan joint – Japan-U.S. joint mission, flying since Nov. 1997 mission – World‘s first and only space-borne precipitation Japan: PR, radar (PR) on-board with microwave radiometer launch and visible-infrared sensor US: satellite, – Still operational, and continues to provide the TMI, VIRS, data CERES, LIS, • Results of the TRMM operation – Accurate and highly stable rain measurement in the tropical and sub-tropical region, over the land Launch 28 Nov. 1997 (JST) as well as the ocean – More than 10 years rain observation data archive Altitude About 350km (since 2001, boosted to 402km to extend – Proved that the radar (PR) and microwave mission operation ) radiometer (TMI) is a very good combination for rainfall measurement Inc. angle About 35 degree, non-sun- – PR greatly contribute to the improvement of the synchronous orbit rainfall retrieval error by microwave radiometer Design life 3-year and 2month (still – Precipitation system three dimensional structure, operating) diurnal cycle, seasonal change, long term variation such as El-Nino and La-Nina observation Instruments Precipitation Radar (PR) – New products development such as latent heating, TRMM Microwave Imager soil moisture, and sea surface temperature (TMI) Visible Infrared – Demonstrated that TRMM data is valuable for the Scanner (VIRS) operational use, such as flood prediction, Lightning Imaging Sensor numerical weather forecast, typhoon prediction (LIS) CERES (not in operation)

  12. Production of GSMaP from Multi-satellite Data GSMaP: Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation TRMM Aqua DMSP NOAA&MetOp TMI AMSR-E SSM/I, SSMIS AMSU-A/MHS Geostationary Satellite Rainfall data retrieved Rain models Calculate cloud from each microwave developed moving vectors from PR imager and/or sounder observations GSMaP rainfall in 0.1-deg grid Hourly merged microwave and hourly rainfall map

  13. JAXA/EORC Global Rainfall Watch 1-8 August 2011 (6-hourly) - Typhoon No.9 in 2011 “MUIFA” can be seen near Okinawa, Japan. 0.1-deg and hourly global rainfall product available 4-hour after observation via internet. http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/GSMaP/ 4

  14. Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) TRMM Era GPM Era Core Satellite • The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) is a follow-on and expanded mission of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Constellation Satellites Core Satellite (JAXA, NASA) Dual-frequency precipitation radar (DPR) GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) Constellation Satellites • Precipitation with high precision (International Partners) • Discrimination between rain and snow Microwave radiometers • Adjustment of data from constellation Microwave sounders satellites • Global precipitation every 3 hours (launch in JFY2014) (launch around 2014)  Improve the accuracy of both long-term and short-term weather forecasts  Improve water resource management in river control and irrigation systems for agriculture

  15. EarthCARE/CPR Climate monitoring of earth radiation, cloud and aerosol Cooperation between ESA and Japan (JAXA/NICT) • Mission CPR – Vertical profile of clouds, aerosol – Interaction between clouds and aerosol – Cloud stability and precipitation • Orbit BBR ATLID MSI – Sun synchronous Equator crossing time 13: 45 – Altitude 400km – • I nstrum ent – CPR (Cloud Profile Radar) – ATLID (Atmospheric LIDAR) – MSI (Multi-Spectral Imager) – BBR (Broad Band Radiometer) • Task sharing JAXA/ NICT ( CPR ) – ESA ( LIDAR, MSI, BBR, Spacecraft) – • Launch target – In 2015

Download Presentation
Download Policy: The content available on the website is offered to you 'AS IS' for your personal information and use only. It cannot be commercialized, licensed, or distributed on other websites without prior consent from the author. To download a presentation, simply click this link. If you encounter any difficulties during the download process, it's possible that the publisher has removed the file from their server.


More recommend