# USRP RF calibration utilities and impairments correction techniques - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

## USRP RF calibration utilities and impairments correction techniques Josh Blum - @ Ettus Research Let us discuss: Filter response IQ imbalance DC level Calibration utilities Two stage tuning RX and TX DSP chain config

1. USRP RF calibration utilities and impairments correction techniques Josh Blum - @ Ettus Research

2. Let us discuss: ● Filter response ● IQ imbalance ● DC level ● Calibration utilities ● Two stage tuning

3. RX and TX DSP chain config frontend ADC CORDIC CIC HB0 HB1 corrections Decimation = FPGA DSP rate/sample rate Decimation % 2 = 1 → 0 HB, CIC only ● ● Rate determines bypassing... Decimation % 2 = 0 → 1 HB in chain ● ● Decimation % 4 = 0 → 2 HB in chain ● frontend DAC CORDIC CIC HB0 HB1 corrections Interpolation = FPGA DSP rate/sample rate Interpolation % 2 = 1 → 0 HB, CIC only ● ● Rate determines bypassing... Interpolation % 2 = 0 → 1 HB in chain ● ● Interpolation % 4 = 0 → 2 HB in chain ●

4. Filter Response -3dB -3dB Fs/2 Fs/2 HB CIC

5. IQ Imbalance distortion Magnitude imbalance caused by... ● Two types of imbalance: Mismatch in amplitude between I and Q – magnitude and phase Phase imbalance caused by... ● 90 degrees + epsilon phase between I and Q mixer – Possible filter group delay mismatch – See Matt's Impairments Presentation for more... ●

6. IQ Imbalance and correction IQ imbalance – single test tone I in + I out X A linear correction for the imbalance X Q in Q out +

7. DC level distortion ● Some DC level at the mixer, causes... – LO in the spectrum, (darn) ● See Matt's Impairments Presentation for more...

8. TX DC level correction Simple constant TX-I in TX-I out subtraction for I and Q - dc_lvl_i TX-Q in TX-Q out - dc_lvl_q

9. RX DC level correction No self calibration utility ● void set_auto_dc_offset( – Tune the frontend const bool enb, size_t chan = 0) – Accumulator settles – Freeze the accumulator void set_dc_offset( Other options ● const std::complex<double> &offset, size_t chan = 0) – Disable the accumulator – Accumulator always runs – User value for accumulator RX out RX in - Avg

10. The calibration utilities ● The cal utilities use leakage on a transceiver daughter-board to perform self-calibration ● The following utilities sweep across frequency: – Calibrate for RX IQ imbalance – Calibrate for TX IQ imbalance – Calibrate for TX DC level ● Calibration saved in a csv and loaded at runtime http://files.ettus.com/uhd_docs/manual/html/calibration.html

11. Using an IF to mitigate distortions Ant samples RF Mixer CORDIC freq - Tuning with an LO offset example: lo_off + lo_off tr = uhd.tune_request(freq, lo_off) epsilon usrp.set_center_freq(tr) Put that tune request right into GRC! Epsilon is a small error in frontend frequency approximation of target frequency http://files.ettus.com/uhd_docs/manual/html/general.html

12. Disadvantages to IF Bandwidth issues ● – How far can the CORDIC tune? dsp_rate/2 – bw/2 – How much analog baseband bandwidth? Transmitting out of band distortions ● – Calibration utils can still help here! – Mitigate w/ external frontend filters

13. FIN ● Conclusions – Impairments happen, but... – Multiple ways to mitigate ● Questions?

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