cryptography in itu t and iso iec

cryptography in ITU-T and ISO/IEC Hao Hao Qi Qin* CAS Q S Quant - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

QCrypt 2020 Industry session August 12, 2020 E-meeting Standardization of quantum cryptography in ITU-T and ISO/IEC Hao Hao Qi Qin* CAS Q S Quant ntum Netw twork rk Co., ., Ltd td. * Quantum key distribution:

  1. QCrypt 2020 Industry session August 12, 2020 E-meeting Standardization of quantum cryptography in ITU-T and ISO/IEC Hao Hao Qi Qin* CAS Q S Quant ntum Netw twork rk Co., ., Ltd td. *

  2. Quantum key distribution: From concepts to applications QKD satellite ◼ First QKD experiment in IBM 1992 QKD commercial products QKD Network (QKDN) ◼ Quantum key distribution (QKD) ◼ Information theoretic security based on quantum physics IDQ, QCTEK, Toshiba, QRate, XT etc. EU SECOQC Tokyo Network Beijing-Shanghai Backbone 2

  3. International Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) ◼ International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ➢ Non-Governmental Organization, founded in 1947 ➢ An international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations ➢ Promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial, and commercial standards ◼ International Electro-technical Commission (IEC) ➢ Not-for-profit, quasi-governmental organization, founded in 1906 ➢ International standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies, known as "electrotechnology“. ◼ International Telecommunication Union (ITU) ➢ Originally the International Telegraph Union created in 1865 ➢ A specialized agency of the United Nations for information and communication technologies ➢ The oldest global international organization ➢ The first international standards organization 3

  4. Standardization activities in SDOs ◼ European Telecommunications Standards Institute ( ETSI ) ➢ Standardization activities of QKD since 2008 ➢ All aspects of QKD: 8 specifications, 2 white papers ◼ ISO/IEC JTC1 ⚫ Information technology ➢ SC 27 WG 3: QKD implementation security ➢ SC 27 WG 2: Post quantum cryptography (PQC) ➢ WG 14: Quantum computing ◼ International Telecommunication Union ( ITU ) ➢ SG 13: QKDN network aspects ➢ SG 17: QKDN security aspects ➢ FG QIT4N WG2: QKDN terminology, use cases, protocols, transport etc (Pre-standardization) 4

  5. Standardization aspects in QKDN based on trusted nodes FG QIT4N: terminology FG QIT4N: use cases ITU-T SG 13: FG QIT4N: Network arch. Classical Functions; QoS protocols ITU-T SG 17: Security requirements FG QIT4N: QKD protocols, ⚫ Standards transport ISO/IEC: Test ⚫ Pre-study technology and certification * Conceptual structures of a QKDN and a user network in Rec. ITU-T Y.3800 (10/2019) 5

  6. Standardization activities in ISO/IEC JTC1 SC27 WG3 ◼ ISO/IEC 23837 : Security requirements, test and evaluation methods for quantum key distribution Security Targets for specific QKD modules ➢ Part 1: Requirements Protection Profiles for specific ➢ Part 2: Test and evaluation methods types of QKD module SFRs EAs ➢ Work item initiated in 2018 with one year preliminary study in 2017, currently under development ISO/IEC 23837-1 ISO/IEC 23837-2 ISO/IEC 15408, 18045 (CC&CEM) ➢ Address QKD implementation security issues ➢ A baseline of Security Functional Requirements (SFRs), and relevant ➢ High-level framework for the security evaluation of evaluation activities (EAs) for SFRs and QKD module under the Common Criteria (CC) SARs, and serve as a basis for developing (ISO/IEC 15408) framework relevant PPs/STs ➢ EAs for functional conformance test and vulnerability assessment (up to EAL5+AVA_VAN.5) 6

  7. Standardization activities in ISO/IEC JTC1 SC27 WG3 1 ISO/IEC Threats 23837-1: Security 2 Resistance requirements Security functional& assurance requirements ISO/IEC Testing 3 & evaluation 23837-2: Test and Security evaluation evaluation method methods 7

  8. Standardization activities in ITU-T SG 13 Study group 13: Future networks, with focus on IMT-2020, cloud computing and trusted network infrastructures # Work item Name Timing Question # Work item Name Timing Question Y.3800 Framework for Networks to supporting Published Requirements for QoS Assurance of Q16 Y.QKDN- 2021- 1 Quantum Key Distribution 2019-10 the Quantum Key Distribution Q6 9 qos-req 10 Functional requirement of the Published Network Y.3801 Q16 2 Quantum Key Distribution network 2020-05 General Aspects of QoS (Quality of Y.QKDN- 2021- Q6 Functional architecture of the Consented Service) on the Quantum Key 10 Y.3802 Q16 qos-gen 10 3 Quantum Key Distribution network 2020-07 Distribution Network Key management for Quantum Key Consented Functional architecture of QoS Y.3803 Q16 4 Y. QKDN- 2021- Distribution network 2020-07 11 assurance for quantum key Q6 qos-fa 12 Y.3804 Control and Management for Quantum Consented distribution networks Q16 5 Key Distribution Networks 2020-07 Requirements of machine learning 12 Y. QKDN- 2022- 6 Y.QKDN_ Software Defined Network Control for based QoS Assurance for quantum Q6 2021-09 Q16 qos-ml-req 07 SDNC Quantum Key Distribution Networks key distribution networks 7 Y.QKDN_ Business role-based models in Quality of service related 2021-03 Q16 BM Quantum Key Distribution Network 8 Y.QKDN_f Framework for integration of QKDN Q6: Quality of service (QoS) aspects including IMT-2020 networks 2021-07 Q16 rint and secure network infrastructures Q16:Knowledge-centric trustworthy networking and services Arch., Framework, Functions related 8

  9. Standardization activities in ITU-T SG 17 Study Group 17: Security Work item Name Topic Timing Question # Quantum Noise Random Number Published Q4(Cybers QRNG 1 X.1702 Generator Architecture 2019-11 ecurity ) X.sec_QKDN Security Requirements for QKD Security 2 2020-08 Q4 _ov Networks – Overview Req. X.sec_QKDN Security Requirements for QKD Security 3 2020-08 Q4 _km Networks - Key Management Req. Key combination and confidential key Security 4 X.cf_QKDN supply for quantum key distribution 2020-08 Q4 app. networks Security requirements for Quantum X.sec_QKDN Security Key Distribution Networks-Trusted 2021-03 Q4 5 _tn Req. node Tech. Report : Security considerations Security Published 6 TR.sec_QKD for Quantum Key Distribution Q4 study 2020-03 network 9

  10. PRE-standardization activities in ITU-T QIT4N ITU-T Focus Group on Quantum Information Technology for Networks (FG-QIT4N) FG QIT4N WG2:QKDN ◼ Pre-study and pre-standardization Sub- Current Name ➢ Gap analysis, status review, standardization group Version D2.1 QIT4N terminology part 2: QIT4N- analysis, future suggestions quantum key distribution network O-048 ➢ Technical reports with NO normative contents D2.2 Technical report on the QIT4N QIT4N- use case part 2: quantum key O-049 distribution network ◼ Open platform for academic, industry, D2.3 Technical report on QKDN QIT4N- governments etc. protocols O- 050&51 ➢ Established in 2019-10 Part1:Quantum layer Part2: Classical layers ➢ 1 onsite meeting in Jinan, China; 4 E-meetings D2.4 Technical report on QKDN QIT4N- transport technologies O-052 ➢ WG1: Network aspects of QIT D2.5 Technical report on QIT4N QIT4N- standardization outlook and O-053 ➢ WG2: QKD network technology maturity part 2: quantum key distribution network 10

  11. Participations ◼ Main contributors from China, Japan, Korea, Switzerland, UK, US etc. ……. ◼ Restricted to experts from each country’s national body channel ◼ Study groups: Membership based Activities in study groups with different topics ◼ Focus group: open for everyone Free of charge, new comer friendly, flexibility, wide range of topics ➢ Liaison channels among different SDOs 11

  12. Gap analysis and possible future works Ongoing studies in ISO/IEC; ITU-T study groups, FG-QIT4N Potential future studies in SDOs QKD module security (ISO/IEC) Security aspects (ITU SG 17) Network aspects (ITU SG 13) Quantum Key Protocol and test methods Distribution Network Transport technologies Applications Network operation aspects Other possible directions 12

  13. Thanks. 13


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