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LIFE13 ENV/IT/001238 The K-12 Project Mid-term event Pont Canavese, - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

LIFE13 ENV/IT/001238 The K-12 Project Mid-term event Pont Canavese, 18 th May 2017 K-12 CONFIDENTIAL 0 K12 - PU Disruptive technology to dramatically improve Energy Efficiency of Household Appliances LIFE13 ENV IT 1238 18/05/2017 MID

  1. LIFE13 ENV/IT/001238 The K-12 Project Mid-term event Pont Canavese, 18 th May 2017 K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  0

  2. K12 - PU Disruptive technology to dramatically improve Energy Efficiency of Household Appliances LIFE13 ENV IT 1238 18/05/2017 MID TERM CONFERENCE K12: A REAL LIFE PROJECT V. Parenti, A. Gasparoni, M. Corti With the contribution of the LIFE financial instrument of the European Community K-12  CONFIDENTIAL

  3. THE LIFE+ K12 PROJECT The LIFE+ K-12 project aims to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of an innovative Polyurethane (PU) technology offering significantly improved thermal insulation and, thus, energy efficiency of households cold appliances, contributing to the European Community’s goals of creating an energy efficient economy while mitigating the threat of global warming K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  2

  4. The Home Appliance Industry Challenges Innovation Cost Market Policies Needs Environment K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  3

  5. Background: EU climate & energy package Set of binding legislation to ensure the EU meets its climate and energy targets: 2020 : 2030 : Reduction target for Emissions • 20% cut in greenhouse • 40% cuts in greenhouse gas trading system gas emissions (from 1990 emissions (from 1990 levels) – (ETS) and non-ETS levels) at least sectors. • 20% of EU energy • 27% share for renewable from renewables energy – at least Energy Efficiency • 20% improvement in energy • 27% improvement in energy directive (Adopted efficiency efficiency – at least 2012, under revision in 2016) – The targets were set by EU The framework was adopted by Ecodesign & leaders in 2007 and enacted in EU leaders in October 2014. Energy Label legislation in 2009. K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  4

  6. Background: GHG emission forecast in 2030 The European Union, United States and China collectively produced 45% of global annual emissions of GHG in 2010 Source: ESRC Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy - Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment (May 2015) K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  5

  7. Background: Energy Consumption  Residential sector account for 30% of total energy supply, distributed over 140M households  Cold appliances account for 14,5% of total household energy consumption  Between MDA ,cold appliances account for 37% of total household energy consumption Water Heaters 8,6% Residential electricity consumption breakdown in the EU-27, 2009 (source JRC) Share of fleet energy consumption by product groups (2010-2014). Source: GfK Retail and Technology Panel K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  6

  8. Background: Energy Efficiency Energy Label New Technologies Average energy consumption trends by product groups in Western EU (2010- 2014). Source: GfK Retail and Technology Panel Draft for Energy labels rescaling (Source CECED) Energy efficiency classes of refrigerators-freezers in the EU (21 countries), 2004-2014. Source: from GfK K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  7

  9. BACKGROUND: THE MARKET • The cold appliances market is characterised by a high level of substitution of old appliances rather than by an increase of the existing stock. • Refrigerator stock reached the saturation level with penetration rates of around 100% in almost all EU-28 countries. • Market trends of refrigerator-freezers are towards models with a larger capacity • The higher energy classes have larger capacities. (Source: JRC Report Energy Trends 2000-2014) An highly efficient refrigerator, with larger capacity and environmental friendly manufacturing can be a real winner on the market ! K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  8

  10. The K12 projects objectives and expected results • Refrigerator manufacturing process demonstrated at pilot scale with optimized foaming parameters and new injection equipment • A 25-30% improvement in foam thermal conductivity performance of the new PU foam, compared to the best in class solutions • Up to 20% reduction in the energy consumption of cold appliances, with respect to the current best in class OR trade off between energy/capacity • Feasibility of applying the novel insulation material with a zero ODP (Ozone Depletion Potential) and minimum GWP (Global Warming Potential) • Reduce environmental footprint over the value chain based on a “cradle -to- gate” LCA approach • Create an industrial showcase that supports policy makers to further push the use of energy efficient home appliances • Development of a market introduction impact scenario K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  9

  11. Domestic Refrigerators: insulation material Why Polyurethane? Comparison of thermal efficiency: 2.5 cm rigid PU foam 4.0 cm poli-styrene 4.5 cm fiber-glass 5 cm cork 12 cm wood 40 cm bricks K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  10

  12. EU Energy Labeling for domestic refrigerators EEI EN - supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of 28 Sept 2010 Energy Efficiency Index – EEI = AEc / SAEc x 100 A+++ A+++ 22 AEc=Annual Energy Consumption SAEc=Standard Annul l Energy Consumption (average of the specific category) A++ A++ Only class A+ (42) or better from July 2014 33 A+ (*) A+ 42 Today 44 A (*) A Ban of class A 55 75 B Only class A or better from June 2010 90 C 100 D 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  11

  13. Why K12 Project? K12 project objective: Demonstrate the feasibility of a novel PU insulation technology for the domestic appliance industry able to improve the refrigerators energy efficiency up to 20% By Developing a microcellular PU foam with cell size ≤ 10 μ m blown with CO 2 as sole Blowing Agent To Reduce consistently the Carbon Footprint in the production and use of the domestic refrigerators, enabling easier insulation filling material Recycling within the frame of Circular Economy K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  12

  14. K12 would allow one step change in Energy Efficiency -21% -40% -25% K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  13

  15. How a refrigerator is injected with PU foam? Most conventional injection technology: Injection from the compressor side – door up K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  14

  16. Available PU technology solution in the market with various Blowing Agents 220-250 μ m 150-180 μ m Gel k-factor time ? TM TM ≤10 μ m PASCAL TM is a Tradename of The Dow Chemical Company K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  15

  17. Non-PU available alternate solutions in the market with CO 2 or No-Blowing Agents technologies Dow Xenergy TM K12 K12 Xenergy TM is a Tradename of The Dow Chemical Company K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  16

  18. Therml insulation by VIPs + PU foam Fumed silica typical VIP physical properties Value Density (kg/m³) 170-210 Thermal Conductivity at mean temperature of 22.5 ° C (72.5 ° F) (W/m.K) @ 1 mbar ≤0.005 @ ambient pressure ≤0.019 Rated Value (W/m.K) 0.008 Source: Porextherm web site l Wall = f ( l VIP, l PU foam ) K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  17

  19. PU Foam Thermal Conductivity l Foam = l gas + l solid + l radiative K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  18

  20. How can we reduce the PU foam Thermal Conductivity? • Smaller cell size → reduce the radiation contribution • Lower foam density → reduce the solid contribution • Low gas thermal conductivity (k) → reduce the gas/blowing agent contribution however, combination of all these options must be considered and gauged, for example... • Reduced density will decrease the solid conduction contribution, but will also increase the radiation contribution due to thinner cell walls K-12 Project is active in all these aspects and works on reducing all heat transfer contributions and to maximize thermal insulation, thus energy efficiency K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  19

  21. Energy Efficiency Impact of PU insulation 150-180 μ m • Microcellular foam • CO2 blowing agent 220-250 μ m • Lowest GWP • Long term • Fast reactivity sustainable solution • Modified fixture • Foaming under vacuum • Blowing Agent • Current process • PU injected into ≤10 μ m PASCAL TM the refrigerator • Blowing Agent LIFE13 ENV/IT/001238 LIFE08 ENV/IT/000411 K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  20

  22. Towards K12: Microcellular foam upscale ←Low Magnification - High magnification→ ←30 -60 μ m → Process Optimization T, P and Output effect ↓ PU R&D Whirlpool Cannon Lab prototype Pilot Plant K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  21

  23. K12 Gantt Chart and action program Project start date: 2014 June Project end date: 2017 November → Extension 2018 November A. Preparatory Actions B. Implementation Actions C. Monitoring of the Impact D. Comm. & Dissemination E. Project Management 1. Lab Development and 2. Pilot plant runs 3. Project impacts 5. Whole management 4. Communication Testing Plan/Ongoing: Plan/Ongoing: Plan/Ongoing: Plan/Ongoing: • Design/construction • Environment/LCA • Web site • Networking Done/Ongoing: • Autoclave Lab • Market and Socio- • Layman’s report • After LIFE of the pilot plant • Realization and development economic impact • Collaboration with testing prototypes Bimodal • Technology validation Core R&D and CNR/ cells Naples Eng. Univ. for indoors and cabinets PU fundamentals and Cell size formulations dev. 100-120 μm→ Elongated cells 13.0 44.0 15.0 33.0 Cell size 35.0 30-60 μ m → 32.0 Cell size 10-40 μ m K-12  CONFIDENTIAL  22

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