du dupl plex ex ni nicke kel

Du Dupl plex ex Ni Nicke kel and nd Tr Triv ivalent lent - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Du Dupl plex ex Ni Nicke kel and nd Tr Triv ivalent lent Chr hromium: omium: Te Tech chnol ology ogy Update ate an and Ma Market et Inter terest est Presented sented By: Jeff ff Boehmer hmer Colum umbia bia Chem

  1. Du Dupl plex ex Ni Nicke kel and nd Tr Triv ivalent lent Chr hromium: omium: Te Tech chnol ology ogy Update ate an and Ma Market et Inter terest est Presented sented By: Jeff ff Boehmer hmer Colum umbia bia Chem emic ical l Company pany

  2. What Drives Technology? • Government Regulations • EPA / EU / OSHA • OEM’s / Customers • Suppliers

  3. What Drives Technology? Government Regulations

  4. What Drives Technology? Environmental Protection Agency 1994 – EPA launched The Common Sense Initiative The program set out to find “cleaner, cheaper and smarter” ways of reducing pollution and recommending changes to environmental management in six key industrial sectors, including metal finishing. 1997 – National Metal Finishing Environmental R&D Plan Plan set priorities for pollution prevention and innovative technologies. High priorities on reducing or eliminating emissions of hexavalent chromium, cyanide, chlorinated solvents and cadmium. Successes include biodegradable degreasers, pollution prevention and control technology for chromium electroplating, powder coating, and zero discharge………

  5. What Drives Technology? Environmental Protection Agency 2015 – On July 21, 2015 the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit denied NASF’s objection, claiming that the EPA has misapplied the requirements of the Clean Air Act, and upheld the final rule. What does this mean for Decorative Chromium Plating? Hexavalent Chromium Maintain lower surface tension • Maintain lower emission limits • Eliminate the use of PFOS fume suppressants • Evaluate and approve Trivalent Chromium Technology

  6. What Drives Technology? OEM’s / Customers � Create, support and direct � Focused on developing materials U.S. cooperative research and processes that enable high and development to volume production of vehicles when advance automotive compared to todays vehicles are: technologies. � Half the Mass � Be responsive to the needs � As Affordable of our environment and � More Recyclable society and include the � Of Equal or Better Quality and appropriate public and Durability private stakeholders.

  7. What Drives Technology? Closer look at the ‘BIG 3 ’ Technology Approvals Approval of products to help guarantee desired results Pro: OEM gains confidence that the desired results will be • achieved by all suppliers, worldwide. Con: Limit metal finisher on processing choices • (until more chemistries are approved) This methodology has enlisted the help of chemical and material suppliers to aid in monitoring metal finisher’s process control. OEM’s are approving more supplier’s products and processes to add proven options, along with continued evaluation of new generation technologies.

  8. What Drives Technology? Suppliers � Technological Advancements Bringing the ‘next BIG thing to market’………First! � � Improvements to existing products � Products to align with industry changes � Price Competitive � Create products that align with Company’s Core Values � Customers What are they asking for? What are they looking for? �

  9. Du Dupl plex ex Ni Nick ckel el

  10. Technology Update SEMI-BRIGHT NICKEL Increase leveling properties to reduce the workload of the • Bright Nickel Quantitatively measure leveling for increased process • control and condition of plating bath Improve deposit structure • BRIGHT NICKEL Increase leveling properties and brightness (Index baths) • New Generation non-Index Bright nickel • High leveling – Excellent brightness – Superior ductility –

  11. Problem Challenge Decorative Plating- Leveling Quantification Nic ickel kel pla latin ting g le leveling veling was dif ifficult icult to to qua uantitat ntitate e • Hull cell panels were typically hand scratched. • Pre-scratched panels were not consistent with surface roughness. Outcom tcome • Source hull cell panels for consistent surface roughness • Quantify surface roughness using profilometer

  12. Semi mi Br Bright ight Ni Nicke kel Roughness Measurements ASTM D7127 - 13 • Nickel plating smooths rough surfaces • Profilometer permits documentation of roughness changes • Surface roughness determined by average of peaks and valleys

  13. Pr Process cess for or Determi termina nati tion on of Level el Pa Packa kage ge • Identify leveler package • Determine package concentration • Identify leveler package o Which package is appropriate for your current density requirements • Determine package concentration o More is not necessarily better • Component formulation for greatest leveling

  14. Ef Effect fect of Cu Current rrent Density nsity on n Le Leveling eling Component formulation for optimum performance • “A” “B” 0.10 (g/L) (g/L) 2.5cm 0.00 0.12 0.08 Ra Improvement (um) 0.06 80 3.0cm 0.03 40 0.09 0.04 20 8 0.02 4.5cm 0.06 0.06 0.00 0 20 40 60 80 100 3.5cm -0.02 Component B (%) 0.09 0.03 Final Component Formulation Ratio 2.5cm • Performance at 50%/50% 0.12 • Strongest throwing power 0.00 • Best roughness improvement

  15. Advantage Decorative Plating- Leveling Quantification Product “A” Product “B”

  16. Advantage Decorative Nickel Plating Additional attributes measured during the R&D process include: � Stress � Surface Tension � Ductility � Consumption Rates � STEP � Overall Appearance How can this work for me?

  17. APPLICATION Brightener Level-Trending Bright Nickel Leveling Reduction Indicating Treatment Initial Leveling Leveling after 1 year

  18. APPLICATION Feasibility of Treatments Bright Nickel Carbon Treatment After Carbon Treatment Before Treatment

  19. Summary • Quantitate leveling to help the customer know the leveling performance of the solution. – Fingerprint the bath performance. – Allows the customer to know quickly if they has a solution problem or substrate problem • Utilize a measurable attribute to determine the ‘health’ of the nickel plating baths – Don’t have to rely on expensive equipment to determine breakdown products ( HPLC, IC ) • Determine feasibility of treatments – What is the best treatment to increase leveling … cost effective method



  22. REALITY of REGULATIONS Even though the EPA stated that non-PFOS- based fume suppressants demonstrated they could lower the surface tension, they have not demonstrated the ability to reduce chromium emissions. Lower Emission Limits combined with non-PFOS- based fume suppressants may cause many installations to use HEPA filters.

  23. How does this affect our Industry? • Facilities must demonstrate compliance to the new emission limits and implement control/work practices as necessary. • Existing Hexavalent chromium platers will need to upgrade their air handling equipment or switch to alternative trivalent chromium plating technologies. • Serious interest of OEM’s and Agencies evaluating and approving Decorative Trivalent Chromium – Automotive, AIAG, USCAR

  24. How can I succeed? 1) Understand the methods needed within your shop to successfully achieve the new standards, including cost impact. 2) Education in new technologies as they become available, specifically trivalent chrome plating. 3) Understanding the cost savings of operating a trivalent chromium plating bath. 4) Understanding the overall benefits of trivalent chrome plating.

  25. Operational Advantages

  26. Waste Treatment Requirements 1 gallon (3.785 Liters) of Solution

  27. EHS- Environmental, Health and Safety Advantages

  28. TriCOL DÉCOR Color Advantage BYK-Gardner Color/Gloss • Measures color in metal deposits according to Lab color scale • Determines gloss at surfaces and deposits

  29. White Trivalent Chromium Color Evolution Hexavalent Chromium TriCOL L= 82.3 Décor L= 79.43 Leading Competitor L= 79.08 Initial Trivalent Chromium L=76

  30. Infl flue uence nce of Formula mulation ion Co Compone ponents nts on Cr Thic ickness kness and Posit sitio ion 0.7 0.6 0.5 Thickness (um) 0.4 Low Cr 0.3 All Medium Hi Cr 0.2 0.1 0 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Current Density (ASF) Thickness versus chromium concentration

  31. Infl flue uence nce of Formula mulation ion Co Compone ponents nts on Cr Thic ickness kness and Posit sitio ion 0.7 0.6 0.5 Thickness (um) 0.4 Low KCl 0.3 All Medium Hi KCl 0.2 0.1 0 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Current Density (ASF) Thickness versus Conductivity salt concentration

  32. Infl flue uence nce of Formula mulation tion Compone ponents nts on Cr Thic ickness kness and Posit sitio ion 0.4 Cr Depth (um) Bottom of Panel (cm) 0.35 0.4 0.3 0.35 0.25 0.3 Cr Depth 0.2 Bottom of Panel (cm) 0.25 0.15 0.2 0.1 4.5 0.15 0.05 0.1 4.5 0 0.05 2.5 275 0 200 150 2.5 125 100 275 200 150 125 100 75 75 0.5 60 50 40 0.5 60 50 40 Current Density (ASF) Current Density (ASF) Wetting agents versus surface morphology 03-60

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