PROFILE OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND OTHER DEMENTIAS IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY Presented at the Alzheimer’s Project Care Meeting July 1, 2014
TOP TEN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH, SAN DIEGO COUNTY, 2005- 2012 Top Ten Leading Causes of Death Among San Diego County Residents, 2005-2012 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Diseases of the heart Diseases of the heart Malignant neoplasms Diseases of the heart Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms 1 5088 4830 4812 4752 4734 4848 4812 4958 Malignant neoplasms Malignant neoplasms Diseases of the heart Malignant neoplasms Diseases of the heart Diseases of the heart Diseases of the heart Diseases of the heart 2 4664 4638 4743 4715 4697 4561 4758 4626 Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease 3 diseases diseases diseases 1218 1147 1122 1142 1115 1195 1221 1163 COPD/ Chronic lower COPD/ Chronic lower Chronic lower Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular Chronic lower Chronic lower Chronic lower 4 respiratory diseases respiratory diseases respiratory diseases diseases diseases respiratory diseases respiratory diseases respiratory diseases 1128 1046 1023 1121 1080 1063 1045 1029 Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease Chronic lower Chronic lower Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular Cerebrovascular 5 respiratory diseases respiratory diseases diseases diseases diseases 1094 1030 1019 1044 952 1037 1031 1003 Accidents Accidents Accidents Accidents Accidents Accidents Accidents Accidents 6 (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) (unintentional injuries) 868 924 995 932 949 923 1017 989 Influenza and Influenza and Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus 7 pneumonia pneumonia 604 612 520 571 555 579 581 652 Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus Intentional self harm Intentional self harm Intentional self harm Intentional self harm Intentional self harm Intentional self harm 8 (suicide) (suicide) (suicide) (suicide) (suicide) (suicide) 428 391 358 359 365 352 383 408 Intentional self harm Intentional self harm Chronic liver disease Influenza and Influenza and Chronic liver disease Chronic liver disease Chronic liver disease 9 (suicide) (suicide) and cirrhosis pneumonia pneumonia and cirrhosis and cirrhosis and cirrhosis 297 290 315 338 322 312 331 354 Essential (primary) Essential (primary) Influenza and Chronic liver disease Chronic liver disease Influenza and Influenza and Essential (primary) hypertension and hypertension and pneumonia and cirrhosis and cirrhosis pneumonia pneumonia hypertension and 10 hypertensive renal hypertensive renal hypertensive renal disease disease disease 277 283 292 334 307 338 311 332 19,554 Total Deaths 19,266 Total Deaths 19,157 Total Deaths 19,408 Total Deaths 19,075 Total Deaths 19,312 Total Deaths 19,852 Total Deaths 20,018 Total Deaths Source: California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Statistics, Office of Health Information and Research, Death Statistical Master Files; SANDAG January 1 population estimates (2001-2013 estimate released January 2014). County of San Diego, Health & Human Services Agency, Public Health Services, Epidemiology & Immunization Services Branch, 3/6/14. Prepared by County of San Diego, Health and Human Services Agency, Public Health Services, Community Health Statistics Unit, 4/24/2014.
ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE IN 2012, ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE WAS THE THIRD LEADING CAUSE OF MORTALITY IN SAN DIEGO COUNTY. Nationally, in 2011, Alzheimer’s Disease was ranked as the sixth leading cause of death. The risk of Alzheimer’s Disease increases with age. San Diego County residents aged 85 years and over is the fastest growing age group. 33% to 43% of those aged 85 years and over live with Alzheimer’s Disease.
DEFINITION OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND OTHER DEMENTIAS EXPANDED DEFINITION OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE TO INCLUDE OTHER DEMENTIAS. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia, but all dementias are characterized by: a decline in thinking skills memory loss reduced ability to perform everyday activities All people suffering from dementia need access to resources such as caregivers and health care professionals trained in the treatment of dementia. Thus, the definition of Alzheimer’s Disease was expanded to include Other Dementias as well (referred to as ADOD).
PREVALENCE OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND OTHER DEMENTIAS 60,000 SAN DIEGANS ARE CURRENTLY LIVING WITH ADOD. If nothing changes, an estimated 77,956 residents will be living with ADOD by 2020 and 93,536 residents will be living with ADOD by 2030.
MEDICAL ENCOUNTER DATA THERE WERE 19,418 SAN DIEGANS AGE 55 YEARS AND OVER WITH ANY MENTION OF ADOD IN THEIR EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT OR HOSPITAL DISCHARGE. The most emergency department discharges by one person with any mention of ADOD was 42. The most hospital discharges by one person with any mention of ADOD was 12. The three San Diego County subregional areas (SRAs) that had the highest number of people discharged were Chula Vista, Escondido, and Kearny Mesa. In 2012, the rate of persons aged 55 years and over discharged from the ED or hospital with any mention of ADOD was 2.7%. The three SRAs that had the largest risk per person were La Mesa, National City, and Chula Vista.
MEDICAL ENCOUNTER DATA BY 2030, THE BURDEN ON THE MEDICAL SYSTEM WILL INCREASE BY 64% IF NOTHING CHANGES. If nothing changes, there will be 23,840 ED and Hospital patients with any mention of ADOD by 2020 and 31,909 ED and Hospital patients with any mention of ADOD by 2030.
COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO PROGRAMS IN ADDITION TO EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT AND HOSPITAL VISITS, PATIENTS WITH ADOD USE COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO PROGRAMS. Currently, 39 of the 100 Public Guardian clients have Alzheimer’s Disease or Other Dementias. In 2012, there were 262 mentions of Alzheimer’s Disease or Other Dementias among 232 individual clients 55 years and over utilizing County of San Diego Behavioral Health Services programs.
CAREGIVING FOR PEOPLE WITH ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND OTHER DEMENTIAS THERE ARE 136,800 UNPAID CAREGIVERS PROVIDING CARE TO SAN DIEGANS CURRENTLY LIVING WITH ADOD. In 2013, caregivers in San Diego County provided 156 million hours of unpaid care, valued at $1.94 billion. Caregivers experience emotional stress, depression, and a difficult time managing their own health. In San Diego County, the health care costs to caregivers were $75.4 million. If nothing else changes, by 2030 there will be 93,600 people aged 55 years and over with ADOD in San Diego County. This will require: 213,282 unpaid caregivers. 242.8 million hours of unpaid care worth $3.02 billion. The health care costs of unpaid caregivers will increase to $117.6 million a year.
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