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National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Armstrong Overview Bradley Flick, Director for Research and Engineering Armstrong Flight Research Center www.nasa.gov The purpose of flight research is to separate


  1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration � NASA Armstrong Overview � Bradley Flick, Director for Research and Engineering � Armstrong Flight Research Center www.nasa.gov �

  2. The purpose of 
 flight research is � “… to separate 
 the real from the imagined and 
 to make known the overlooked and the unexpected.” � — Dr. Hugh L. Dryden � Administrator of NACA (1949-1958) � First Deputy Administrator 
 of NASA (1958-1965) � 2 � Armstrong Flight Research Center �

  3. Vision X-1 To separate the real from the imagined through flight Lunar Space Shuttle Landing Approach and Research Landing Tests F-8 Vehicle X-43 X-29 M2-F1 X-15 Helios 3 � Armstrong Flight Research Center �

  4. Mission Advancing technology and science through flight X-48C � 1 Perform flight research and technology integration to revolutionize aviation and pioneer aerospace technology � 2 Validate space exploration concepts � Orion PA-1 Launch Abort System 3 Conduct airborne remote sensing and science observations � DC-8 � 4 � Armstrong Flight Research Center �

  5. Strategic Partnerships � Academia � DoD � NASA Centers � International � Airborne Science � Industry � 5 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Strategic Partnerships �

  6. Mission Activity � Aeronautics Research Advanced Planning and Mission Directorate Partnerships Directorate Science Mission Directorate Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Exploration and Space Technology Mission Directorate 6 � Armstrong Flight Research Center �

  7. Aeronautics Research Strategic Thrusts � Safe, Efficient Growth in Global Operations � Enable full NextGen and develop technologies to substantially 
 reduce aircraft safety risks � Innovation in Commercial Supersonic Aircraft � Achieve a low-boom standard � Ultra-Efficient Commercial Vehicles � Pioneer technologies for big leaps in efficiency and 
 environmental performance � Transition to Low-Carbon Propulsion � Characterize drop-in alternative fuels and pioneer 
 low-carbon propulsion technology � Real-Time System-Wide Safety Assurance � Develop an integrated prototype of a real-time safety 
 monitoring and assurance system � Assured Autonomy for Aviation Transformation � Develop high impact aviation autonomy applications � 7 �

  8. ISRP � Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Integration in the National Airspace System (NAS) Armstrong is the host Center for the 5-year, $160-million effort. The project is supported by four NASA Centers: � § Armstrong Flight Research Center, California § Ames Research Center, California § Glenn Research Center, Ohio § Langley Research Center, Virginia 8 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  9. There is an increasing need to fly unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in the National Airspace System (NAS) 
 to perform missions for National Security and Defense, Emergency Management, and Science. � There also is an emerging need to enable commercial applications such as cargo transport (e.g. FedEx). � Global Hawk: 
 UAS in the NAS �

  10. Airspace Integration Validate technologies and procedures for UAS to remain an appropriate distance from other aircraft and to safely and routinely interoperate with NAS and NextGen Air Traffic Services (ATS) Standards and Regulations Validate minimum system and operational performance standards and certification requirements and procedures for UAS to safely operate in the NAS Relevant Test Environment Develop an adaptable, scalable, and schedulable relevant test environment for validating concepts and technologies for UAS to safely operate in the NAS 10 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  11. Five subprojects were created to address project needs: � 1. Separation Assurance and Sense and Avoid Interoperability (SSI) 2. Human Systems Integration (HSI) 3. Communications 4. Certification 5. Integrated Test and Evaluation (IT&E) In addition to project management, Armstrong specifically contributes to HSI and IT&E. � § HSI: Develop a research testbed and database to provide data and proof of concept for GCS operations in the NAS § IT&E: Define and develop infrastructure using a Live Virtual Construct – Distributed Environment (LVC-DE) that will create operationally relevant environments that are adaptable and scalable to incorporate the concepts and technologies to be evaluated by the subprojects 11 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  12. IT&E Technical Activities Automatic Dependent Surveillance Br Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) oadcast (ADS-B) New tracking technology adapted for UAS improves air traffic management, particularly relating to UAS sharing airspace with manned aircraft, and enhances control and tracking of UAS � � 12 � 12 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  13. The Garmin GDL-90 ADS-B unit generates aircraft position data that is displayed on the pilot’s multifunction instrument displays. � All aircraft operating in certain U.S. airspace must adopt the ADS-B tracking technology by January 2020 to comply with Federal Aviation The new ADS-B aircraft tracking technology includes a small blade antenna on the belly of NASA's modified Administration (FAA) MQ-9 research aircraft, and another like it atop the regulations. � fuselage, that transmit and receive signals. � 13 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  14. This Ikhana Predator B flight track was plotted from ADS-B reports 
 recorded by the FAA Technical Center during testing in March 2012. � Climbs and descents at various gross weights, airspeeds, and altitudes to inform simulation and modeling activities � 360° turns to evaluate antenna coverage � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Edwards AFB � Operational ADS-B radio stations at Mojave Airport (NW) and near Victorville (SSE) � 14 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  15. Live Virtual Constructive-Distributed Environment (LVC-DE) The LVC-DE system is a fully integrated 
 virtual and real-world simulation experience. � The system generates simulated air traffic, representing radar and ADS-B-derived trajectories, to test advanced airspace integration concepts, technologies, and procedures efficiently and safely. � 15 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  16. LVC-DE Connections � ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Connectivity Connectivity UAS 
 Armstrong 
 ADS-B Equipped Simulation Lab ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Partners � ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Surrogate UAS 
 ADS-B Equipped ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ WJH Tech Center � ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ Flight Monitor Server Flight Monitor Server Ames 
 Simulation Lab ADS-B Ground Air Surveillance ITT Traffic Stations Radars SBS 16 � 16 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  17. Environmentally Responsible Aviation (ERA) Project � Adaptive Compliant Trailing Edge (ACTE) Project Testing flexible trailing-edge wing flaps to improve aircraft aerodynamic efficiency and reduce airport-area noise Gulfstream III Transition Surfaces � Partnership between NASA’s ERA Project and the AFRL Main Flap � 17 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  18. FAP � Supersonics/High Speed Project � Farfield Investigation of F/A-18B No-Boom Thresholds (FaINT) § Another step in NASA’s ongoing effort to mitigate sonic boom effects for overland supersonic cruise § F/A-18B flew low- supersonic, high-altitude § No-boom research flight profiles increases the capability of supersonic flight with little § Cessna researchers launched a blimp that or no sonic boom effects on the ground carries several microphones used to record sonic booms 18 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  19. Fixed Wing Project � Designed and built by X-56A Multi-Utility Technology Testbed (MUTT) § X-56A MUTT is used to explore integrated structural control of extremely lightweight flexible aircraft � § Research system includes two center Funded by bodies, one stiff wing set, three flexible wing sets, and one ground control station � 19 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

  20. Alternative Fuels Effects on Contrails and Cruise Emissions (ACCESS) Flight Experiment § Clean power technical challenge § Characterize fuel effects on The modified HU-25 Falcon from NASA's Langley Research Center aircraft particle and gas-phase probes the exhaust contrails from emissions at cruise altitudes NASA's DC-8 flying laboratory during the first data-collection flight in the ACCESS biofuels flight test project in § Survey black carbon and restricted test airspace over California's high desert. � gas-phase emissions and contrail properties from commercial aircraft at cruise in air-traffic corridors 20 � Armstrong Flight Research Center � Mission Activity—ARMD �

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