authorisation of ocaliva for pbc in the eu

Authorisation of Ocaliva for PBC in the EU EMA stakeholder interaction on the developm ent of m edicinal products for chronic non-infectious liver diseases ( PBC, PSC, NASH) Session 1: Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) Presented by J. Musaus on

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  1. Authorisation of Ocaliva for PBC in the EU EMA stakeholder interaction on the developm ent of m edicinal products for chronic non-infectious liver diseases ( PBC, PSC, NASH) Session 1: Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) Presented by J. Musaus on 03. December 2018 An agency of the European Union

  2. Presenter Disclosure Information Elements FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: Nothing to declare UNLABELED/UNAPPROVED USES DISCLOSURE: The views and opinions expressed in the following PowerPoint slides are those of the individual presenter and should not be attributed to the European Medicines Agency.

  3. Ocaliva (Obeticholic acid) October 1 3 th 2 0 1 6 : The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) recommends: • A conditional MA in the interest of public health because the medicine addresses an unm et m edical need and the benefit of im m ediate availability outweighs the risk from less comprehensive data than normally required. • That the MA holder shall complete specific obligations with a view to providing comprehensive data confirming that the benefit-risk balance is positive. • That Ocaliva shall be subject to additional m onitoring to allow quick identification of new safety information. Ocaliva was developed for use against a rare, life-threatening or chronically debilitating condition 1 1 th Decem ber 2 0 1 6 : The European commission issues marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union 2

  4. Ocaliva: At approval stage Prim ary biliary cirrhosis ( PBC) : A rare, serious, life-threatening liver disease Approved drugs in the EU: Ursodeoxycholic acid ( UDCA) , first line therapy for patients with PBC (EASL and AASLD Guidelines) • I m proves biochem ical indices such as ALP and bilirubin and delays histological progression (Poupon 1997, Corpechot 2008). • Strong evidence that treatment with UDCA increases progression-free survival, w ith significantly greater benefit for patients w ho dem onstrate greater response as measured by decreases in ALP, bilirubin and ALT. Unm et m edical need in the EU for a second line treatm ent: • Up to 5 0 % failed / suboptim al biochem ical to response or are intolerant to UDCA • Patients w ith inadequate response frequently progress to hepatic fibrosis and eventual cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation, and death unless a patient receives a liver transplant (Kuiper 2010). 3

  5. Main clinical study Single pivotal study Obeticholic acid (OCA) in combination with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in adults with an inadequate response to UDCA or as monotherapy in adults unable to tolerate UDCA. Prim ary Endpoint Percentage of subjects ( OCA 1 0 m g vs. placebo ) at Month 12 with ALP < 1 .6 7 x ULN and ALP decrease of ≥15% from Baseline and total bilirubin ≤ ULN . OCA 1 0 m g group: n= 34, 47% vs. placebo n= 7, 10% demonstrating superiority (p< 0.0001) Key secondary Endpoint Percentage of subjects ( OCA titration vs. placebo ) achieving composite endpoint at Month 12. OCA titration group (key secondary endpoint): n= 32, 46% (p< 0.0001) Change from baseline to 6 and 12 months in ALP, conjugated bilirubin, GGT, ALT, and AST showed statistically significant differences over placebo Approximately one third of patients in each OCA treatment group achieved an ALP reduction of > 40% , compared with 1% in the placebo group 4

  6. Main efficacy results Uncert aint ies/ Short Effect Unit OCA fixed 1 0 m g OCA t it rat ion Placebo St rength of Descript ion evidence Favourable Effect s ALP< 1 .6 7 Prim ary % 4 7 % N / A 1 0 % - Only ULN and com posit e biochem ical ≥15% Endpoint data is reduct ion available ( ALP in ALP and levels) a total - ALP bilirubin norm alisation ≤ULN at w it h UCDA m ont h 1 2 relays to bet t er Com posit e key % N / A 4 6 % 1 0 % endpoint secondary prognosis; endpoint it is unknow n if t he sam e Responder secondary % can be analyses endpoint ext rapolat ed ( 1 2 m ont hs) t o OCA result s 3 0 % 3 4 % 1 % ALP≥40% - Very few patient s on eit her OCA group norm alised ALP levels - Relevance of OCA Ant i- inflam m at ory effect s is unknow n 5

  7. Uncertainties Efficacy Few patients achieved norm alization of ALP levels. To w hat extent changes in laboratory param eters correlate w ith clinical liver outcom es? Dem onstration of clinical relevance of the observed results based on data from Global PBC Study group database and the UK-PBC Cohort suggesting an association between ALP (and bilirubin) levels and clinical outcomes. Post-hoc analyses applying post hoc study 7 4 7 -3 0 1 inclusion criteria and evaluating the primary endpoint. I s the patient population enrolled in the pivotal trial sufficiently representative? • Lack of data in patients w ith a m ore advanced disease stage : Patients w ith total bilirubin ≥ 2 x ULN , severe portal hypertension or hepatic failure w ere excluded from both the main studies disease). The m ajority of patients entered with normal/ near normal bilirubin values (< 2 ULN) and rem ained norm al. • Lim ited long-term data (up do 30 weeks) 6

  8. Main safety results Most com m only reported adverse reactions Pruritus (63% ) (also most frequently reported TEAE); tendency to resolve with continued dosing Fatigue (22% ). Adverse reactions leading to discontinuation 1% in the OCALIVA Titration group and 11% in the OCALIVA 10 mg group Hepatic-related effects: Incidence of TEAEs low in general. Clinical hepatic AEs at doses ≤10 mg were considered likely related to disease progression by the Investigators or the Sponsor and occurred mainly in patients w ith m ore advanced liver disease. However a dose related pattern w as observed . PK data and simulations demonstrated increase in system ic exposure of OCA in patients with liver impairment. Therefore details regarding serious hepatic events and detailed dosage recom m endations moderate (Child-Pugh B) and severe (Child-Pugh C) hepatic impairment were included in the Sm PC 7

  9. Uncertainties safety Representation of patients w ith m ore advanced disease and/ or various degree of liver impairment was scarce : • Further characterization of the safety profile in m oderate and advanced disease (ie, Child-Pugh Class B and C), needed. • Reductions in HLD-c levels and increases in LDL-c where seen without a clear pattern for the changes. Lipid disorders are commonly seen in PBC patients but Further characterization of the long-term safety of OCA with respect to changes in lipid levels and CVD in patients with PBC 8

  10. Risk management plan 9

  11. Balance of benefits and risks I n the context of: • A serious, severely debilitating disease • Up to 5 0 % of patients either not responding satisfactorily or are unable to tolerate UDCA treatment OCA treatment has dem onstrated relevant ALP reductions in patients with insufficient response / intolerance to UDCA. It is reasonably likely that the results on biochemical parameters translate into benefit in term s of clinical outcom e data, although this remains to be formally demonstrated The studies conducted show a clinically m anageable safety profile This is w eighed against the risks related to the absence of fully com prehensive data in particular: • Clinical evidence on the extent of efficacy and safety also in the long term treatment and in more advanced liver disease stages 10

  12. Conditional Marketing Authorisation Fully com prehensive data on the product are not available how ever: The product fulfils the requirements for a conditional m arketing authorisation : • The benefit-risk balance is positive • The unmet medical need will be addressed (please refer to second line indication) • The benefits to public health of the immediate availability outweigh the risks due to need for further data. • It is considered sufficiently likely that the applicant w ill be able to provide com prehensive data 11

  13. Remaining open issues (Specific Obligation) Description Due date I nterventional study 7 4 7 -3 0 2 : Final report: 2023 Description: In order to confirm the efficacy and safety of OCALIVA, the MAH should conduct and submit the results of study 747-302, a confirmatory double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled multicentre study investigating the clinical benefit associated with OCALIVA treatment in patients with PBC who are either unresponsive or intolerant to UDCA treatment based on clinical endpoints. Rationale: to investigate the effect of OCA on clinical outcom es in subjects with PBC Final report: 2020 I nterventional study 7 4 7 -4 0 1 : Description: In order to confirm the efficacy and safety of OCALIVA, the MAH should conduct and submit the results of study 747-401, a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled study evaluating the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of OCALIVA in patients with PBC and moderate to severe hepatic impairment. Rationale: to investigate the uncertainties related to the lack of data in a population w ith m ore advances liver disease 12

  14. Thanks for your attention Further information [ https: / / en/ medicines/ human/ EPAR/ ocaliva] European Medicines Agency 30 Churchill Place • Canary Wharf • London E14 5EU • United Kingdom Telephone + 44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsim ile + 44 (0)20 3660 5555 Send a question via our w ebsite contact Follow us on @EMA_ New s

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